Biogeoclimatic subzones

Biogeoclimatic subzones are the basic unit of climatic classification in British Columbia. Each subzone comprises a geographic area with a fairly uniform regional climate and a typical pattern of vegetation and soils. Subzones are grouped into biogeoclimatic zones to create more generalized units, and these are named after the climatic region and climatic climax plant community.

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Biotic community

A biotic community is a group of organisms that live together and interact with each other within an environment or habitat. Together, the biotic community and the physical landscape (abiotic factors) make up an ecosystem.

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Bois et al., 2009

Bois, C.H., Janzen, D.T. Sanborn, P.T., Fredeen, A.L. 2009. Contrasting total carbon stocks between ecological site series in a subboreal spruce research forest in central British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 39:897-907.

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Braumandl and Holt, 2000

Braumandl, T., Holt, R. 2000. Redefining definitions of old growth to aid in locating old-growth forest reserves. In Proceedings, From Science to Management and Back: A Science Forum for Southern Interior Ecosystems of British Columbia. C. Hollstedt, K. Sutherland, T. Innes, eds. S. Int. For. Ext. & Res. Partnership. p. 41–44.

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Bryophytes are non-vascular seedless land plants (mosses, liverworts, and hornworts). Although they exhibit specialized structures for water transportation, they have no vascular tissue or true roots.

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